What are zoonoses?

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What are zoonoses?

Zoonoses are defined as “diseases that are transmitted from animals to humans and vice versa”. Transmission mechanisms are varied and, on occasion, complex:

  1. Through food (foodborne zoonoses): for example, bovine spongiform encephalopathy —mad cow disease— or anisakis from fish.
  2. Contact between farm animals and humans: for example, brucella (Maltese fever).
  3. Transmission from companion animals: this is one of the most important ways to contract zoonoses. Pets transmit different diseases, such as ringworm, scabies, rabies, leishmaniasis or toxoplasmosis.